Both hyper and hypovolaemia have been associated with poor outcomes. Assessment of fluid responsiveness is challenging in the acute medical patient, due to time constraints, limited evidence
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is an important cause of short-term mortality and long-term morbidity. Among the different presentations of DVT, thrombus in the iliofemoral veins may be considered
Managing kidney transplant patients in an acute medical unit can be challenging, as patients have a single functioning kidney, underlying chronic kidney disease, and are immunosuppressed.
Thyrotoxicosis is common and can present in numerous ways with patients exhibiting a myriad of symptoms and signs. It affects around 1 in 2000 people annually in Europe1. The thyroid