The initial ECG (figure 1A) demonstrates a regularly irregular rhythm at approximately 80bpm. There is a profound first-degree atrioventricular(AV) block with a PR interval of over 400ms. There is


Both hyper and hypovolaemia have been associated with poor outcomes. Assessment of fluid responsiveness is challenging in the acute medical patient, due to time constraints, limited evidence


Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is an important cause of short-term mortality and long-term morbidity. Among the different presentations of DVT, thrombus in the iliofemoral veins may be considered

A 64-year-old male presents to the emergency department in acute respiratory distress. He gives a limited history of progressive shortness of breath of one week’s duration and several episodes of

Abstract Olanzapine is an antipsychotic drug used in psychiatric diseases. At high doses it exhibits cardiovascular and neurological sideeffects in particular. Lipid emulsion therapy for the removal

Abstract Treatment of human immunodeficiency virus(HIV) in cancer patients improves outcomes and reduces transmission of this oncogenic virus. HIV testing rates of cancer patients are similar to the

Abstract Readmissions are treated as adverse events in many healthcare systems. Causes can be physiological deterioration or breakdown of social support systems. We investigated data from a European

Abstract The aims of this retrospective cohort study were to retrieve characteristics and outcomes of older (65+) medical patients who are directly admitted to ICU from the ED and to compare these

Altered Airways Course