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Iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis and the problem of post-thrombotic syndrome

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Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is an important cause of short-term mortality and long-term morbidity. Among the different presentations of DVT, thrombus in the iliofemoral veins may be considered the severest form. Although anticoagulation is the mainstay of the management of iliofemoral thrombosis, despite adequate anticoagulant treatment, complications including post-thrombotic syndrome is not uncommon. The latter is often overlooked but can cause considerable morbidity to the affected individuals. Preventing this condition remains a challenge but recent clinical trials of catheter directed thrombolysis and elasticated compression stockings provide some advance in this context. In this article, with the aid of a clinical case, we review the particular considerations to take into account when managing patients with an iliofemoral DVT.

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