A young patient with heart failure – Picture Quiz Answer
There is no ‘gold standard’ non-invasive test to diagnose myocarditis. It is a clinico-histopathological diagnosis.1 Clinical manifestations include: heart failure, chest pain (from either pericarditis or angina from coronary artery spasm/inf lammation), sudden cardiac death and arrhythmias (sinus tachycardia, ectopics, ventricular tachycardia, heart blocks). Examination may reveal raised JVP, pulmonary crackles, a gallop rhythm or a pericardial rub.
Reference: Volume 11 Issue 1 Pages 50 - 51 (2012)