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Clinical Reviews

Abstract Variceal haemorrhage is a life-threatening condition requiring prompt emergency therapy. This paper summarises the key aspects of management of this condition in the acute setting, including

Abstract Multiple sclerosis is one of the commonest causes of disability in young adults. This review highlights some of the acute presentations of this condition, and how these may be managed in the…

Abstract The acute coronary syndromes form a clinical spectrum, which ranges from unstable angina without myocardial injury, non-ST segment elevation and ST segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Abstract Acute asthma remains an important cause of morbidity adults. The recognition, assessment and appropriate management of acute asthma are essential to avoid unnecessary morbidity and also mortality,

Abstract Delirium (also referred to as acute confusional state or toxic confusional state) is common in elderly patients admitted to hospital, and is usually secondary to an acute physical problem rather

Abstract Sepsis is a common problem in hospital practice. As well as being an important precipitant of hospital admission many patients develop the problem after arrival in hospital, including in excess

Abstract Accelerated hypertension is a rare but life threatening disease. The commonest cause is poorly controlled essential hypertension but other causes exist. Diagnosis is made by the finding of

Abstract Current management of exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) takes into account new understanding of the factors contributing to morbidity, hospital admission and mortality.

Abstract The Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome and the Serotonin Syndrome are two rare but potentially fatal complications of psychopharmacology. This review focuses on the clinical aspects of these conditions,

Abstract Medical emergencies in pregnant women pose many challenges if both the baby and mother are to have an optimal outcome. Multidisciplinary team working is essential to ensure that the correct