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Clinical Reviews

Abstract Asthma in the emergency care setting is common and may be life-threatening. Last year the British Thoracic Society updated their guidelines for the management of asthma, however some treatments

Chest pain is a common complaint of patients presenting to the Emergency Department, but there is a wide variety of underlying causes. These include ischaemic chest pain (acute coronary syndromes (ACS)

Abstract Every acute physician has come across elderly patients presenting with muscle weakness and falls. Distinction between normal age related muscle wasting and pathological muscle atrophy can be

Abstract Acquired haemophilia is a rare , life threatening bleeding disorder characterised by the development of auto-antibodies to coagulation factor VIII. Diagnosis is based upon the clinical history

Abstract Spontaneous pneumothoraces occur in individuals who have not experienced antecedent thoracic trauma. Primary spontaneous pneumothorax occurs in otherwise healthy individuals with no clinically

Abstract Recreational cocaine use in the UK is steadily rising. This review summarises some of the common clinical manifestations of cocaine use which may be encountered by acute physicians and discusses

Abstract COPD is a progressive debilitating lung condition the clinical course of which is punctuated by acute severe increases in symptoms (exacerbations). These can be life threatening and are a considerable

Abstract Antimicrobial resistance is of increasing concern to patients, physicians and policy-makers alike. The challenge for the clinician at the coalface, however, is to avoid the undertreatment of

Abstract Community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common cause of hospital admission. The first 24–48 hours are crucial in the correct diagnosis and management of CAP. In this article we highlight

Abstract Hyponatraemia is defined as a serum sodium concentration of 135 mmol/L or less. It is the most common electrolyte abnormality, and can be associated with significant morbidity and mortality.1